Tuesday, October 19

Tag: technology

Economy

R & D Strategy Launch Out-80th “Thinking through the expectations of the energy society after 2050”

Shortly after joining the Environment and Energy Unit of the Research and Development Strategy Center (CRDS), I was asked the question, “How can science and technology solve the energy-related issues facing generations after 2050?” I remember thinking that it was a very heavy task, and at the same time, I felt that there would be few chances to get involved in such a job. I would like to write some things that I noticed while being involved in this theme.Why is it difficult to predict the future?Why is the future prediction of science and technology wrong in the first place, and how is it correct? In order to find a hint to this question, in 1901, we predicted what kind of science and technology would be put into practical use in modern society.* 1I have analyzed.* 1 “The 20th Century’s Wo...
R & D Strategy Launch Out-88th “Technology for Atmospheric CO2 Recovery to Realize the Paris Agreement”
Economy

R & D Strategy Launch Out-88th “Technology for Atmospheric CO2 Recovery to Realize the Paris Agreement”

Mr. Koji OyamaThe Paris Agreement agreement (* 1) at COP21 held in 2015 was widely reported in the news. The essence of this agreement is to keep the temperature rise due to global warming well below 2 ° C compared to before the Industrial Revolution (2 ° C target). “1.5 ℃” was set as an effort target. To achieve this, carbon dioxide (CO) is based on the contributions (NDCs) submitted by the participating countries and determined by their own countries.2) Is being reduced.However, it is expected that the “2 ° C target” cannot be achieved by reducing emissions by accumulating these NDCs (* 2). Therefore, further measures are required.Atmospheric CO by recovery and reuse2Make the balance ofTechnologies that have not been so familiar to the general public are also attracting attention. For ...
Achieved 50% of long-sought thermal efficiency of automobile engine CO2 emission reduction expected by practical application of SIP results
Economy

Achieved 50% of long-sought thermal efficiency of automobile engine CO2 emission reduction expected by practical application of SIP results

A technology has been developed that improves the thermal efficiency of automobile engines by about 10 points and exceeds 50%. As part of the Cabinet Office’s “Strategic Innovation Creation Program” (SIP), Keio University, Kyoto University, the University of Tokyo, Waseda University, universities nationwide, automobile manufacturers, national research institutes, etc. are collaborating to promote research. It is a result. If automakers install this technology in mass-produced vehicles and put it into practical use in the future, it will not only improve fuel efficiency but also carbon dioxide (CO).2) It is expected that emissions will be reduced and contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gases. The results of this research were presented at the SIP “Innovative Combustion Technology” pub...
Realizing a happy life with science and technology ~ Science for Global Well-Being ~
Economy

Realizing a happy life with science and technology ~ Science for Global Well-Being ~

In recent years, science and technology are evolving at a speed beyond our imagination, centered on fields such as information and communication technology and biotechnology. On the other hand, there are issues common to human society such as epidemics of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases such as coronavirus, which are sometimes extremely vulnerable, large-scale disasters, climate change, hunger and water shortages, and disparities in education and wealth. There are many questions about how science and technology will contribute to the solution. Against this backdrop, the World Science Forum was held in Budapest, Hungary last October with the participation of scientists from around the world. The declaration adopted at the end of the conference set out “Science for Global Well-B...