The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Secretariat announced on the 6th that the Paris Agreement, a new framework for combating global warming, has been officially put into effect. The official effect is expected to be November 4. The Paris Agreement to further curb damage is underway as abnormal weather, which is thought to be the effect of global warming, occurs in various parts of the world. The Japanese government has also ratified it, but it has not ratified it at this time.
According to the Secretariat, as of October 6, 73 countries and regions have ratified, and the ratification of the ratifying countries’ emissions accounted for 56.87% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions, meeting the two requirements for entry into force. It has been decided that the Paris Agreement will come into effect in a short period of 10 months after it was adopted at the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) of the Convention held in the suburbs of Paris last December. From the adoption of the agreement to its entry into force, it is an exceptionally fast form that reflects the sense of crisis in each country in the world.
The Japanese government plans to Cabinet decision the nearby ratification, but the ratification bill deliberation schedule at the current Diet session is pending a ratification decision time prospect is not standing. Japan may not be able to participate in the first Conference of the Parties to the Agreement (CMA1) in Marrakech, Morocco on November 7th.
The Paris Agreement has set the goal of reducing global greenhouse gas emissions to virtually zero in the second half of this century and limiting temperature rises since the Industrial Revolution to less than 2 degrees Celsius, preferably 1.5 degrees Celsius. It will come into effect 30 days after meeting the two requirements of “more than 55 ratifying countries” and “the emissions of ratifying countries reach 55% of the world’s emissions”.