The government has recently put together a new “global warming countermeasure plan” based on the new framework “Paris Agreement” for global warming countermeasures. It includes measures to implement Japan’s greenhouse gas reduction target of “26% reduction by FY2030 compared to FY2013.” It also stipulated a long-term goal of “80% reduction by 50 years (from the present)”. The electric power industry is required to improve power generation efficiency, the industry as a whole is required to formulate a voluntary reduction plan, and ordinary households are also required to make energy-saving efforts. The government will make a cabinet decision on this plan by the Group of Eight summit (Ise-Shima Summit) in May.
The Global Warming Countermeasures Plan is obliged to be formulated by the “Global Warming Countermeasures Promotion Law”. Since Japan did not participate in the “second commitment period” of the Kyoto Protocol, the plan itself has remained blank since 2013. Following the adoption of the Paris Agreement in December last year, the government was required to formulate a new domestic policy plan.
The new plan was put together by the Ministry of the Environment and the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, focusing on the recommendations of the “Climate Change Long-Term Strategy Council (Advisory Panel)”. After re-setting the plan target value of “26% reduction from FY2013 by 2030”, which was decided before the adoption of the Paris Agreement, there is also a long-term target of “80% reduction (from the present) by 50 years”. Clarified. As a short-term target, “By FY2008, it will be reduced by 3.8% or more from FY2005” is also included. Although there was some disagreement during the discussion process regarding whether or not to specify the long-term goals, it was already stated in the 4th Basic Environmental Plan (Cabinet decision in 2012), and the Council of Experts stated the long-term goals at the meeting on January 30. It was finally stipulated in the new plan because it summarized the requested recommendations.
The new plan accounts for about 90% of Japan’s greenhouse gas emissions and is a carbon dioxide (CO2) reduction target originating from the “whole energy sector,” which can be divided into five sectors: industry, business, household, transportation, and energy conversion. “In FY2018, it decreased by 24% compared to FY2005 and by 25% compared to FY2013.” On top of that, for the electric power industry in the energy conversion sector, the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry set the efficiency standard for thermal power plants and urged the suspension of inefficient power plants, etc., and 44% or more of the electricity sold was renewable energy. I asked for the nuclear power plant to cover it.
In addition, we demanded further energy-saving efforts from general households, and by FY2018, all the lighting of homes and business establishments will be switched to light emitting diodes (LEDs), and 5.3 million household fuel cells will be introduced. We have set a target value of reducing CO2 in FY2018 by 39% compared to FY2013.
In addition, for the industrial world, a voluntary plan for emission reduction will be formulated for each industry, and the government will verify the implementation of the plan.