The Paris Agreement, a new international framework for combating global warming, is expected to come into effect by the end of the year, as early as November. Following China and the United States, the European Union (EU) and others are scheduled to ratify soon, and the total greenhouse gas emissions of the ratifying countries, which already count more than 60 countries, will account for 55% of the total global emissions required for the agreement to come into effect. Exceed. If ratification procedures proceed smoothly, the 22nd Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP22) will come into effect in early November in Morocco. The Japanese government plans but although the ratification decision time prospect to discuss the ratification at an extraordinary Diet session of the current opening in is not standing.
According to officials from the United Nations and the Ministry of the Environment, China and the United States, which are major greenhouse gas emitters, ratified at the same time on September 3, and at the time of the UN General Assembly held in New York on September 21, there were 60 ratifying countries. , Satisfied one of the requirements for entry into force, “more than 55 ratifying countries”. Another requirement for ratification, “Emissions of ratifying countries will reach 55% of the world’s total emissions,” has been confirmed to come into effect by the end of the year as the EU and India have decided on ratification policies.
The Paris Agreement was adopted at the 21st Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP21) held in the suburbs of Paris last December as a new international framework to replace the Kyoto Protocol. It has set a goal of reducing global greenhouse gas emissions to virtually zero in the second half of this century and limiting the temperature rise since the Industrial Revolution to less than 2 degrees Celsius, preferably 1.5 degrees Celsius. The agreement will come into effect 30 days after meeting the two entry requirements.
COP22 will be held in Marrakech, Morocco from November 7th to 18th as the first international conference after the adoption of the Paris Agreement. Here, the rules for implementing the agreement, such as a mechanism for mutual verification of greenhouse gas emissions and a framework for technical and financial support for developing countries, will be discussed. If the agreement comes into effect by the end of the session, COP22 will be positioned as the first meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement. If the country is not a ratifying country at the time the agreement comes into effect, it will participate as an observer and effectively lose its voice.
According to an official of the Ministry of the Environment, the government is seeking to submit a ratification proposal in mid-October, but the deliberation schedule is undecided and it is in a fluid situation whether it will be in time for COP22.