The General Assembly of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which will have a major impact on the creation of an international framework to prevent global warming and universal measures, is expected to be held in Kyoto next spring. The Ministry of the Environment revealed on the 12th. Kyoto City is carbon dioxide (CO)2) Is the venue for the 3rd Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP3), where the Kyoto Protocol, which obliges developed countries to reduce emissions, was born. The government wants to appeal to the world its positive attitude toward climate change by holding an IPCC general meeting in Kyoto.
Environment Minister Nakagawa announced that he would invite the IPCC General Assembly to Japan at COP23 held in Bonn, Germany last November. Before and after that, the Ministry of the Environment and others were considering domestic venues, but Kyoto City has a track record of holding COP3, which adopted the Kyoto Protocol in 1997, and the city itself strongly desires to attract it. It is said that the city was chosen. There is no country other than Japan that is attracting, and it is expected that Kyoto City will be officially decided after the approval procedure.
The IPCC is an intergovernmental organization established by the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in 1988. 195 countries / regions participate, and it is composed of researchers in the climate, meteorology, environmental economics, etc. of the participating countries / regions, as well as government / administrative officials. Climate change such as “Working Group 1” to evaluate the climate system and climate change, “Working Group 2” to evaluate the impact of climate change on the ecosystem, society and economy, and adaptation measures, and measures to control greenhouse gas emissions. There is a “Third Working Group” that evaluates measures against. All three subcommittees regularly publish evaluation reports together, and an evaluation report that integrates these reports is also published every 5 to 6 years.
Next year’s IPCC General Assembly is scheduled to be held around May, including methods for calculating and verifying greenhouse gas emissions in each country, and new evaluation reports and new integrated evaluation reports (sixth evaluation report) of the three working groups. ) Will be an important general meeting to discuss the specific contents. The general meeting was held in Yokohama in 2014 in Japan.
The latest report is the “Fifth Evaluation Report” published in 2014. The report predicts that by the end of this century, average temperatures will rise by up to 4.8 degrees Celsius and sea levels will rise by up to 82 centimeters compared to the end of the 20th century, unless measures are strengthened. It has had a great influence on COP negotiations between countries. In 2007, the IPCC won the Nobel Peace Prize with former US Vice President Gore, who focused on global environmental issues.